The echoes of Bataan continued after the guns of the 1942 campaign were silenced. “Remember Bataan” became a rallying cry for Fil-Am forces and citizens during the war in the Pacific and subsequent liberation of the Philippines.
General Douglas MacArthur, though he may have been heavily criticized for leaving the Philippines in early 1942, certainly remembered Bataan, as seen in the naming of his personal aircraft which were used for years afterwards. The name “Bataan” reverberated across Pacific skies in these aircraft.
After General MacArthur arrived in Australia, he traveled around Australia in a Douglas C-47A Skytrain transport and/or a Douglas DC-3 airliner as his personal transport.
If he traveled over water he changed aircraft and flew in his air commander General George C. Kenney’s personal transport, the Boeing B-17E Flying Fortress heavy bomber, serial number 41-2633, named “Sally.” This B-17 from the 19th Bomb Group was damaged in a landing accident after a combat mission in July, 1942, repaired and then placed into service for the Commanding General of Fifth Air Force (and later the Far East Air Forces) General George Kenney.
In November, 1943, General MacArthur obtained his own personal transport, a Boeing B-17E Flying Fortress heavy bomber, serial number 41-2593, which he named “Bataan,” later known as “Bataan I.”
In April, 1945, General MacArthur adopted a new transport, a Douglas C-54 (converted to VC-54E) Skymaster transport, which he named “Bataan II.” Bataan I was flown to Wright Field, Ohio for repairs and left there.
General MacArthur flew aboard this VC-54E aircraft, serial number 44-9027, “Bataan II” when he arrived in Japan on 30 August 1945.
Clip from 2012 movie “Emperor,” of MacArthur’s arrival aboard VC-54 “Bataan” at Atsugi Airfield, Japan 30 August 1945, as depicted at:
General MacArthur continued to use a VC-54 as personal transport in his role as Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP) (as well as his other responsibilities as Commander-in-Chief, Far East; and Commanding General, U.S. Army, Far East) during the Japanese occupation, and into the early part of the Korean War (in his added role as Commander-in-Chief, United Nations Command).
During the Korean War, General MacArthur obtained a new personal transport, Lockheed VC-121A Constellation, serial number 48-613, from September, 1950, to April, 1951, and named it “Bataan.” Of note, this aircraft was a veteran of the Berlin Airlift before it was converted into a VIP transport for service in the Far East.
He flew in this aircraft from the Far East to Wake Island in October 1950 to meet with his Commander in Chief, President Truman, as UN Forces after the Inchon landings were advancing into North Korea.
Only weeks later, UN forces in the north near the Yalu river and the Chinese border would experience another battle as savage as the fighting on Bataan was in 1942. General MacArthur continued to use “Bataan” until he was relieved of his commands by President Truman in April 1951 (Supreme Commander, Allied Powers; Commander-in-Chief, United Nations Command; Commander-in-Chief, Far East; and Commanding General, U.S. Army, Far East). Afterwards, VC-121A “Bataan” was used by General Matthew Ridgeway, MacArthur’s replacement in the Far East.
Of General MacArthur’s “Bataan” aircraft, his last aircraft, the VC-121A, is today preserved at the at the Planes of Fame Museum, Valle, Arizona.
References, with more details and images
MacArthur and C-47 in Australia, at: http://john.curtin.edu.au/macarthur/essay1.html
Peter Dunn’s “Oz at War” website, DOUGLAS DC-3 VH-ANR
IN AUSTRALIA DURING WW2, at: http://www.ozatwar.com/usaaf/vh-anr.htm
Gen Kenney B-17 “Sally” image at: https://c2.staticflickr.com/4/3302/3226167778_4725f62ffb_b.jpg
MacArthur and “Sally” pictures at: http://fromwhencewecome.net/2011/11/12/donald-adermans-wwii-air-force-service/
Peter Dunn’s “Oz at War” website, B-17E FLYING FORTRESS “SALLY”
THE FLYING OFFICE FOR GENERAL GEORGE C. KENNEY
IN AUSTRALIA DURING WW2 at: http://www.ozatwar.com/usaaf/sally.htm
Peter Dunn’s “Oz at War” website, “BATAAN”, GENERAL DOUGLAS MACARTHUR’S
PERSONAL AIRCRAFT IN AUSTRALIA DURING WW2,” at: http://www.ozatwar.com/usaaf/bataan.htm
Moore, Don, “1st Lt. Bob Normile flew Gen. MacArthur to the surrender ceremonies ending WWII,” at: http://donmooreswartales.com/2012/06/29/bob-normile/
MacArthur’s Connie ‘BATAAN’ at: http://www.carljackdaniels.com/Airplanes/Military-Aircraft/MacArthurs-Connie-BATAAN/
General Douglas MacArthur’s Lockheed C-121A Constellation –Bataan, at the Planes of Fame Museum, Valle, Arizona., at: https://www.flickr.com/photos/wingsnstuff/3793161218/
President Truman’s relief of General Douglas MacArthur, Wikipedia entry, at; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/President_Truman%27s_relief_of_General_Douglas_MacArthur
Image of MacArthur’s VC-121A Bataan, in Combat Cargo Fact Sheet, National Museum of the Air Force, at: http://www.nationalmuseum.af.mil/factsheets/factsheet.asp?id=1930
Color image of MacArthur at Atsugi, at: http://ww2db.com/image.php?image_id=3565
MacArthur deplanes at Atsugi, Australian War memorial, at: http://www.awm.gov.au/collection/P00633.001
Info on VC-54E 44-9027at: http://www.uswarplanes.net/c54.html
Info on VC-121 48-613, at: http://www.conniesurvivors.com/N422NA.htm