Today, April 9, is “Araw ng Kagitingan,” the “Day of Valor” in the Philippines, a national public holiday. April 9 is the commemoration of the fall of Bataan in World War II.
According to Republic Act 3022, approved 6 April 1961, in Section 1: “The ninth day of April is hereby proclaimed as Bataan Day, and all public officials and citizens of the Philippines are enjoined to observe such day with a one-minute silence at 4:30 o’clock in the afternoon, and to hold appropriate rites in honor of the heroic defenders of Bataan and their parents, wives and/or widows.”
The names of the day and observance day have varied slightly over the years since observance began in 1961, to include calling it Bataan Day, Bataan and Corregidor Day, and Bataan, Corregidor and Besang Pass Day, which gradually expanded the scope of the observance to all defenders of the Philippines who fought for freedom during World War II. But the heart of the commemoration is still focused on Bataan.
According to a report in today’s Manila Bulletin: “Focal point of celebration is the “Dambana ng Kagitingan” atop Mount Samat in Pilar, Bataan, where President Benigno S. Aquino III is expected to speak before an audience of veterans, government officials and workers, and representatives of the United States of America (USA) and Japanese embassies. Nationwide, there will be parades, floral offerings at heroes’ monuments, photo exhibits and showing of films.”
Battle of Bataan http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Bataan
Battle of Bessang Pass http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Bessang_Pass
Battle of Corregidor http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Corregidor
Letter of Instruction No. 1087, dated November 26, 1980 http://www.gov.ph/1980/11/26/letter-of-instruction-no-1087-s-1980/
Mount Samat National Shrine http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Samat_National_Shrine
Observance: Commemoration of ‘Araw ng Kagitingan’ https://ph.news.yahoo.com/observance-commemoration-araw-ng-kagitingan-193923284.html
REPUBLIC ACT NO. 3022 – AN ACT PROCLAIMING THE NINTH DAY OF APRIL AS BATAAN DAY AND DECLARING IT AS A LEGAL HOLIDAY http://www.chanrobles.com/republicactno3022.html#.U0SR_lfhCZQ